South Africa is the first indigenous San, Khoi and later migrated to the south of the Bantu. After the 17th century, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom have invaded South Africa. The early 20th century, South Africa became a British Dominion. May 31, 1961, South Africa withdraw from the Commonwealth, the establishment of the Republic of South Africa. As a white South African authorities in the domestic implementation of racial discrimination and apartheid policies, South Africa, Nelson Mandela led the people to under the leadership of the African National Congress to overthrow the apartheid regime, waged a heroic struggle, and ultimately win. In April 1994, South Africa held its first participation by racial elections, Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president.