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What Is The Historical Background Of The Management?

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Sadia Batool Profile
Sadia Batool answered
Management is a science of managing things and keeping them at their best normal level. Manage is to put an activity into a direction so it could be able to be active and stable for long. Management sciences are not new. Their concept emerged in ancient days. In the old times, people use to act like managers to manage of activities.
In the 18th century, Adam Smith came up with the management phenomenon. He was a classical economist. He and some other social scientist worked in this field. Later in 20th century, management sciences ameliorated at a fast pace. It added human resources, finance, marketing and many other fields into it. Then it was a colossal group to work within the limits of vast fields. Management worked in various sectors. It is still playing a vital role in improvement of various tasks. It has the same role of managing things/activities in all sorts of modes. In 21st century, public administration and public management added to it. Now, it is more wider than ever before. It is still under the process of development. I am sure, it has to add some more fields and relevant sectors under its big umbrella.
Nouman Umar Profile
Nouman Umar answered
Organized endeavours directed by people responsible for planning, organizing, leading and controlling activities have existed for thousands of years. The Egyptian pyramids and the Great Wall of China for instance are tangible evidence that projects of tremendous scope, employing tens of thousands of people, were undertaken well before modern times. The pyramids are particularly interesting example.

The construction of a single pyramid occupied more than 100,000 workers for 20 years. Who told each worker what to do? Who ensured that there would be enough stones at the site to keep workers busy? The answer to such questions is managers. Regardless of what manager were called at the time someone had to plan what was to be done organize people and material to do it Regardless of what managers were called at the time someone had to plan what was to be done, organize people and material to do it and direct the workers and impose some controls to ensure that everything was done as planned. So this is all about the management and from recent times the daily routine worked resulted in the modern management.

Another example of early management can be seen during the 1400s in the city of Venice, Italy and major economic and trade centre. The Venetians developed an early form of business enterprise and engaged in many activities common today's organization. So this is how the concept of management was used in big projects and later on it has become essential for the business.
Lily James Profile
Lily James answered

Management is defined as the act of getting people together in order to accomplish desired goals. It consists of four basic functions which are planning, organizing, leading and controlling.

Management's origin is not clearly traced in history. However, it would not be wrong to say it is as old as the origin of human beings. The most earliest records of writings in management is considered as the book The art of war that was written by a Chinese General Sun Tzu in 6th century B.C. Apart from that Niccolo Machiavelli's The Prince written in 1513, Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations written in 1776 are also known as few of the earliest writings about management.

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