Is Management Science, Art Or Both?

33 Answers

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Management is art as well as science because it involves the element of arts like the capability
of the person and their approach towards the given task. Management is science because it involves the logic and principle behind the things done. Science and art both plays an important role in management.
amber Jhon Profile
amber Jhon answered
It is believed that management is both an art as well as science. The reason is that different sources justify it with different reasons. According to Webster's College Dictionary, management is an art because it provides the skills for conducting human activities and it is a science because the skills and techniques which are used in management are precise applications. Scientific principles which are used in management, give the managers specific body of information to guide their behavior. It is also considered an art by the people who think that it is a skill borne of personality and ability.

Management is a science or art

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Its both science and art because it use principles and that's where we consider it as an art and the way these principles are formulated is where we consider it as a science. The principles are planning, directing, controlling and staffing.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The word Manage id taken from Italian word "Maneggiare" means to handle, especially to handle or train horses. Here management refers to an Art because managing or training horses is not a science or profession. Managing originally used to indicate other process for managing, training or directing. Management has been called other art of geeting things done through people.

The art of management is a personal creative power plus skill in performance. The contemplation of problems, events and possibilities develops personal creative power, while experience, observation, and study of results contribute to skilled performance. In other words management art involves envisioning orderly whole from chaotic parts, communicating other vision, and acheiving other goal. It is other "art of arts" because it organizes and uses human talent

The scientific method has played an important role in building managment knowledge and improving managerial skills. The field of management has taken long forward steps since other begining of this century. There is now adequate knoledge for a solid foundation, but it should not be assumed that other scientific method will soon provide all other answers. Managers have to contend with uncertainties that cannot be removed by scientiific endeavour.

An important argument for other accumulation of scientific knowledge about management is other need to develop large number of executives. Even though such knowledge is limited, other student can be some significant insights in to other nature of other management problem.

Science and technology are today coming to thier full fruition. Hardly a business can continue its affairs without some reference to other scientific and technological systems. The harnessing of science and technical knowlegde is for 'management'.
Among other many persons who are occupationally engaged in management, most have qualified earlier in their industrial or commercial cases in specialized technical or professional fields as engineers, chemists, accountants etc. They have risen to higher executive positions through years spent in other specialized pratice of their profession of technology.

Ultimately management is both, science and art...
Management is incomplete without anyone...

By: Sunny Raja, IBA, University of Sindh, Jamshoro...
nasir muhammad Profile
nasir muhammad answered
Manage is both art and science because art as we know is skills  which come through experience and science as systematic knowledge.so knowledge and experience both will be paralel..skill and experience without knowledge show inability to pass to others..and knowledge without experience i.e arts is of no use
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Yeah,management is an art as well as science.Management is basically derived itself for profession.and in profession you have to use formulas(means rules and regulation) which comes in science and work on that rules is an art.Now it depends on you that how you work on that formula.Look at the top10 people in this world,study their history.they are successful because they follow the management.so it is both.
karl kama Profile
karl kama answered
Management is both science and art because managers deal with numbers which is science and also leading and working with people which is art.
Karl kama BS1 DWU
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Management is both science and art, the tools and functions refer it is science and how those function apply refer it is an art.
ghazal gi Profile
ghazal gi answered
In general sense, management is the art of handling the different aspects of the organization. And it is also a type of science like the mathematics is a formal science then management is also came in the category of the formal science. But if take a look keenly then, management is totally an art. This is an art that how we communicate with the general people, which came in the management. It is the ability and art of a manager that handles the organization in well manner and keeps growing the organization level because of using his abilities.

Let us suppose that a person came to a manager in very angry mode, and after taking to the manager, he is convinced according to the manager point of view, then it was the art of a manager that he has handled the customer in a friendly way.
Management is not totally depend upon the manager's ability, it also the team work of the other organization members, who contribute there effort for the organization. Again it is an art that a group of people work together for so long time and reach to some high level, because of there managerial skills and abilities.
thanked the writer.
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
Management is art as well as science
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
Management can be considered as both science as well as an art.

Management is Science because of several reasons like - it has universally accepted principles, it has cause and effect relationship etc, and at the same time it is art because it requires perfection through practice, practical knowledge, creativity, personal skills etc.

Management is both an art and a science. Management combines features of both science as well as art. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers. Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

A manager to be successful in his profession must acquire the knowledge of science & the art of applying it. Therefore management is a judicious blend of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art. Science teaches to ‘know’ and art teaches to ‘do’. E.g. A person cannot become a good singer unless he has knowledge about various ragas & he also applies his personal skill in the art of singing. Same way it is not sufficient for manager to first know the principles but he must also apply them in solving various managerial problems that is why, science and art are not mutually exclusive but they are complementary to each other (like tea and biscuit, bread and butter etc.).

The old saying that “Manager are Born” has been rejected in favor of “Managers are Made”. It has been aptly remarked that management is the oldest of art and youngest of science. To conclude, we can say that science is the root and art is the fruit.

For details on related topics, please visit http://www.managementstudyguide.com
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
Does that mean that the manager do not need to know any science behind the product of concern for the organization? Does that mean all the people will come to him if they have problem? They might not voice out in the first place. Does that mean manager will have enough resources to approach everyone in an organization and deal with them in way that suits them? Say the company has thousands have employee.

Art is crucial for management. Science cannot be ignored though.
Robyn Rothman Profile
Robyn Rothman answered
I was a manager for fourteen years, and I wouldn't consider it either an art or a science.  I would call it a skill that is constantly being developed and should improve over time on a continuing basis.  
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It is both. Science as well as art. Because the tools and functions refers to Science while to apply those is actually refers as art.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Well management is both science and art as well. For intance, the manager has a problem about the employee's poor perfomance, as science the managers well rely to learned in business school and company training program on finding ways to improve the employee's performance. While as art, the mangers use her personal capabilities and skills to solve the problem.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Management is science because in management the manager or boss to used some method and article for managing.
Muhammad Abdullah786 Profile
Managing, like all the other practices-where medicine, music composition, engineering, accountancy, or even baseball is an art, it is know-how. It is doing things in light of realities of a situation. Yet mangers can work better by using the organized knowledge about management. It is this knowledge that continues a science. Thus, managing, as practice is an art, the organized knowledge underlying the practice may be referred to as a science. In this context, science and art are not mutually exclusive; they are complementary.

As science improves, so should art, as has happened in the physical and biological science. To be sure, the science underlying managing is fairly crude and inexact because the many variables that managers deal with are extremely complex. Nevertheless, such management knowledge can certainly improve managerial practice. Physicians without the advantages of science would be little more than witch doctors. Executives who attempt to manage without management science trust to luck, intuition, or what they did in the past.
In managing, as in any other field, unless practitioners are to learn by trail and error and it has been said that mangers' error are their subordinates' trail, there is no place they can turn to for the meaningful guidance other than the accumulated knowledge underlying their practice.
Suhail Ajmal Profile
Suhail Ajmal answered
In my view it is art which we learn through studies. We all in our daily lives practice some kind of management. Some of us are successful and some spend the life haphazardly.

For example, we know that we must study but only those get the top positions who know how to manage their time.
Every firm has a manager but only those managers are successful who know that how to manage their workers to get the optimum results.
Robyn Rothman Profile
Robyn Rothman answered
In light of my years as a manager, I can't say it's a science in spite of attempts to make it one. Business plans, mission statements, schedules, quotas, and the like are great on paper. Then along comes the human factor that can change everything. Managing people in order to meet the standards of production and quality is the real art. Motivating people to achieve can take a lot of imagination. The way people are treated has a lot to do with it.

I've seen two schools of thought. One in which managers don't need to know the job, and one where they do. Not having to know the job and merely managing people is a scientific approach, but it's impossible to evaluate performance if you don't know what people are supposed to be doing. Knowing the job makes management more credible and more aware of what it is that employees need to do their jobs. If a manager can work toward seeing that those needs are met, he is enhancing the probability that employees will provide their maximum effort and peak performance. That's an art.
Jim Witness Protection Profile
Depends on what you're managing. Business management is a science. Nuclear dynamics is a science. Managing the calories you put in your body is a science (you are using data to make a decision). Managing (or deciding) the next color to apply to a painting is an art. Or an art form.
The previous answer was pretty good, but lacked in practical application. And each application will determine which result it is.
amber Jhon Profile
amber Jhon answered
This is very true that management is a science or art because it incorporates the objectivity from science and creativity from art. Creativity is required by the managers because people with whom they interact are unpredictable. Managers need motivation and the ability with which they can influence people which requires artistic capabilities while technical skills of administration, planning and controlling are more objective and make this study a related subject of science. Get more details from the given link:

Management a science or art
Katie Harry Profile
Katie Harry answered
Management is known to be in a combination of both art and science. It is the art as it is used in making people more effective than they are and would be if and when they are without you. It is regarded as a science as it takes into consideration how you make people effective, the ways and skills that would be required and used to perform this task.

So Management is both science and art as the practical implementation to get the work done is science in terms of management and understanding the needs is an art.
Duane Bryant Profile
Duane Bryant answered
There are all sorts of thing that can be quantitatively measured in business.  Time, costs, profits, overhead, etc.  And these can be broken down and studied further.  But a business depends on people, and sometimes, being adept at the art of getting people to do what needs to be done the way it needs to be done is something that has to be measured qualitatively.  Also, selling your product can take a lot of quantitative analysis and a good knowledge of human nature (an "art"?).
Ankit Srivastava Profile
Management is science and art both. Science is because of the fundas or rules, and how we use those rules in managing the things, is art.
thanked the writer.
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
Yes management is a sciense or an art bcz management is something in which we should always learn something like new principles ,laws etc and always trying to use our inner qualities to manage these principles and laws to work done

mohit bhardwaj from INDIA
Ray Dart Profile
Ray Dart answered
A lot of nonsense is talked about "the Science of Management". Sure, there are a few rules (take a look at my answer about Henri Fayol, from yesterday) but absolutely nothing that can be considered to have any scientific basis. If your course lecturer is trying to push "the Science of Management" on you, you should ask for some "frinstances" that demonstrate scientific rigour, he/she will not be able to give you any.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
You I also agree with mgt is art and science both. Science means to follow set of rules and art means how efectivly use those rules in perticuler problems.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It is science because of it more of solving the problem operation research and statics... So management is science.....
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Management is a science and an art
thanked the writer.
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
Management is more of an art but goes hand in hand with some science aspects in it.

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