What Is The Device Used To Reconcile Bureaucracy With Democracy?


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Connor Sephton answered
Public Administration is the device used to reconcile bureaucracy with democracy.

Public Administration is commonly defined as "government in action." It relates to institutional framework of government, as well as the socio-economic, political and behavioral patterns of the individual who ran the bureaucracy. Additionally, public administration involves the formulation and implementation of public policies and government programs. It is an indispensable instrument of the government in performing and achieving its functions.

On the other hand, bureaucracy is the process of managing and coordinating people and work based on hierarchical authority and formal rules. As an organization, it is geared towards getting people to work together notwithstanding their diversity and complexity of their respective jobs. Governments administer their day to day operation through its large bureaucracy. Usually, the bureaucracy is run through agencies with specific tasks and expertise. Additionally, they work hand in hand with other government agencies to implement government programs and policies.  These agencies are created to address political demands since it is active both in politics and in policy making.

The government on the other hand is governed by checks and balances in conformity with the concept of democracy. Similarly, the government checks on the bureaucracy through its different departments. The Executive can reorganize the structure of the bureaucracy and can use its management tools to control and supervise it. Meanwhile, the Legislative through its investigative powers can conduct hearings and enact laws to make the bureaucrats liable and accountable for their actions. The Judiciary on the other hand can actually force the bureaucrats to act in accordance with the constitution and legislative intent of the law.

Bureaucrats are not elected officials and they are considered as public administrators and public servants. One of the main issues is about their accountability. Oftentimes, the independent power held by these bureaucrats ran in counter with the concept of democracy. This is where public administration comes in. It reconciles both bureaucracy and democracy in order to carry out a competent and responsive public administration of the government.

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