How Does A Leader Motivate His Or Her Subordinates By Using Motivation Theory?


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Syed Rizwan Ali Shah Hamdani Profile
To motivate subordinates is the trait of a leader because motivation plays an important role in goal accomplishment. Leader is the person who can do so by using different tactics (motivational theories). The most important thing is to analyse the needs of his workers and plan strategies accordingly.

A leader can motivate his workers intrinsically and extrinsically according to their requirement. Extrinsic needs are in the form of pay, bonuses, food, cloth and shelter. These needs include all tangible benefits. These are the basic needs described in Maslow's need theory, McClelland's theory and ERG theory.

Intrinsic needs include inner satisfaction, respect, dignity etc. these needs are considered a higher level needs in various need theories like Maslow's theory.

A leader should have close interaction with his workers so that he can easily understand their needs and problems. This close interaction can help him in getting maximum output.
He should have clear idea about their abilities and ethical values. And assign duties according to their abilities. There shouldn't be any policy which is against worker's right.

Each of the need theories emphasizes the satisfaction of some important personal needs that people have acquired over time. Each theory also emphasizes that people decide on their degree of satisfaction by consciously comparing their circumstances with their needs. Finally, each theory leaves room for considerable variation from person to person and "within" a person over time. Leader must know the degree of satisfaction of his subordinates in order to get things done by motivating them.

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