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What Are The Different Management Theory?

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Management is how a business is run and how all the different components of the business are managed and instructed on how to work together and told which activities are delegated to which particular section. The main duties of management include planning, organizing, staffing, leading, directing, controlling and generally making decisions that will help the company achieve its goal. Human resources, financial resources, technological resources and natural resources must all be manipulated by management to achieve the best possible levels of success.

One theory of management is Fredrick Taylors 'Scientific Management' which began a modern era of management in the late 19th century to improve the efficiency of work in industrial environments. Taylor developed a system whereby workers well analyzed and studied to establish wish worker carried out their job in 'the one best way' and this system would then be taught to all other workers to ensure they were all as efficient as possible. Taylor broke down large tasks into smaller sub tasks with the most efficient workers working on smaller aspects of the job, rather than one man doing everything. He found this was a much more effective way to work. He also attempted to establish loyalty in workers in what he called 'a hearty co-operation' due to improved human rights.
The human relations movement was another management theory developed in 1924 by the Hawthorne plant of Western Electric. Researchers at Harvard had found substantial evidence to suggest that the way people were treated had a massive effect on the way they worked. For people to work most efficiently, they needed their work to be appreciated and recognized and also needed a level of sociability in their work. When these needs were met, efficiency in the workplace improved.

Max Webber developed a management theory based on bureaucracy. Webber was a German sociologist who believed that personalization should be omitted from the work place and every man should simply be seen as a 'little cog in a machine' to obtain maximum efficiency.

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