Replacement of old Rule of Thumbs
Maintaining Hearty cooperation between management and workers
Providing related training to workers scientifically in order to get optimum output.
Division of work.
All the work load of the organization should be equally divided between workers and management so that each work can be done successfully and scientifically
F.W.Taylor in other words Fredrick Winslow Taylor was the first proponent to recognize management as a discipline. Taylor's concept of scientific management was first implemented with highly successful results. The basic method is as follows: Taylor would study the movement of workers to a very detailed degree right down to one hundredth of a minute. Then he would analyze and discover the most efficient manner of doing the work. He introduced time study and Motion Study that would study the worker's performance in the manner described above. The result would be a most efficient output of work. However the workers were generally treated like automatons completely ignoring their levels of physical and mental fatigue. During his time scientific management met much opposition and led to numerous strikes. Essentially, Taylor's method was a bottom up approach beginning with the worker's minute changes in body motion. Despite criticism, Taylor's work received much attention as the first attempt to enforce management as a discipline and begin the school of management thought.