What Are The Theories Of Leadership?


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Mahwash Marcel answered
There are a large number of theories regarding leadership. A brief account of some important ones is given below:

1. The 'Great Man's' Theory: This theory explores individual's qualities. According to this most commonly assumed theory, 'Leaders are born not made'. There are certain inborn qualities in a person such as intelligence, courage, self control, decisiveness, etc. Which decide that he is going to become a leader. By the exercise of will power or by experience under strict supervision, some of these qualities might be developed but the essential part is given at birth.

2. The 'Trait' Theory: According to this theory leadership traits are not completely inborn but can also be acquired through learning and experience. Individuals possessing a certain combination of physical, social, and personality traits would be effective leaders.

3. The 'Charismatic' Theory: According to this theory, there is a personal quality of leadership that arouses a special loyalty or enthusiasm and an emotional commitment among the followers.

4. The 'Behavioral' Theory: This theory explores individual in relation to the group. According to this theory, two variables affect the leader's influence on the performance of the group, a. Qualities of the leader, b. Expectations of group.

5. The "Situational' Theory: Situational theory also known as 'Contingency Theory', explores individual in relation to the group as influenced by the situation.

6. The 'Group and Exchange' Theory: Exchange theories propose that the members of the group make contributions at their own expense and then receive benefits at expense of the other members. Interaction continues because members find the social exchange mutually rewarding.

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